The human brain its parts and how they are connected to memory

Learning and Memory The brain needs to store many different types of information that it receives from the senses and that it develops through thinking in the association areas. The thalamus, hypothalamus, and pineal glands make up the major regions of the diencephalon.

Brain Structures and Their Functions

The right hemisphere plays a large part in interpreting visual information and spatial processing. Rather than being firmly anchored to their surrounding bones, the brain and spinal cord float within the CSF.

Skull The purpose of the bony skull is to protect the brain from injury. Hope this guide on parts of the brain and their functions help you understand the issue more clearly.

Brain Overview

The midbrain, also known as the mesencephalon is made up of the tegmentum and tectum. The brain is made up of nerve cells which interact with the rest of the body through the spinal cord and nervous system.

Skill memory is processed in the cerebellum, which relays information to the basal ganglia. The limbic system is another group of deep gray matter regions, including the hippocampus and amygdala, which are involved in memory, survival, and emotions.

Inside of the brain, small CSF-filled cavities called ventricles expand under the pressure of CSF to lift and inflate the soft brain tissue. The cerebellum receives sensory inputs from the muscles and joints of the body and uses this information to keep the body balanced and to maintain posture.

Motor Control Our brain directly controls almost all movement in the body. This circulating fluid is constantly being absorbed and replenished.

Deep inside the medial temporal lobe is the region of the brain known as the limbic system, which includes the hippocampus, the amygdala, the cingulate gyrus, the thalamus, the hypothalamus, the epithalamus, the mammillary body and other organs, many of which are of particular relevance to the processing of memory.

Wernicke's Area- This portion of the temporal lobe is formed around the auditory cortex. The medulla contains mostly white matter that carries nerve signals ascending into the brain and descending into the spinal cord.

Every neuron maintains a voltage gradient across its membrane, due to metabolically-driven differences in ions of sodium, potassium, chloride and calcium within the cell, each of which has a different charge.

Brain Structures and Their Functions

A region of the cerebral cortex known as the motor area sends signals to the skeletal muscles to produce all voluntary movements. Thus, we often speak of the temporal lobes, hippocampi, etc in the pluralalthough this website generally follows the convention of speaking of the temporal lobe, hippocampus, etc in the singularwhich should therefore be taken to mean both sides, within both hemispheres.

The third ventricle connects with the fourth ventricle through a long narrow tube called the aqueduct of Sylvius. Hindbrain Rhombencephalon Brainstem Connecting the brain to the spinal cord, the brainstem is the most inferior portion of our brain.

The brainstem exits the skull through the foramen magnum. The skull is formed from 8 bones that fuse together along suture lines. Each neuron may be connected to up to 10, other neurons, passing signals to each other via as many as 1, trillion synaptic connections, equivalent by some estimates to a computer with a 1 trillion bit per second processor.

It is a large portion of the telencephalon, located within the temporal lobe which can be seen from the surface of the brain.

Human brain

These signals stimulate the conscious mind to seek out food or water to correct this situation. Unlike other cells, neurons never divide, and neither do they die off to be replaced by new ones.

The brainstem is made of three regions: These parts of the brain help regulate body movement, vision and hearing. The dura mater forms a pocket around the brain and spinal cord to hold the cerebrospinal fluid and prevent mechanical damage to the soft nervous tissue.

With so many vital functions under the control of a single incredible organ - and so many important functions carried out in its outer layers - how does our body protect the brain from damage?

Neuroanatomists call the cerebral area the telencephalon and use the term diencephalon or interbrain to refer to the area where our thalamus, hypothalamus and pineal gland reside.

Oligodendrocytes wrap the axons of neurons in the brain to produce the insulation known as myelin. It plays a role in controlling behaviors such as hunger, thirst, sleep, and sexual response. It lies in the back part of the skullresting on the part of the base known as the clivusand ends at the foramen magnuma large opening in the occipital bone.

White matter is made of mostly myelinated neurons that connect the regions of gray matter to each other and to the rest of the body.

Human brain

There are names for the folds and grooves that help define specific brain regions. The reticular formation controls muscle tone in the body and acts as the switch between consciousness and sleep in the brain.

Many reflexes in the body are integrated in the brain, including the pupillary light reflex, coughing, and sneezing. Betz cells are the largest cells by size of cell body in the nervous system. NREM sleep is a period of slow eye movement or no eye movement, culminating in a deep sleep of low brain electrical activity.

In this way, a message within the brain is converted, as it moves from one neuron to another, from an electrical signal to a chemical signal and back again, in an ongoing chain of events which is the basis of all brain activity.

The hippocampus is responsible for encoding long-term memory.Parts of the Brain and Their Functions Cerebrum The cerebrum is the largest portion of the brain, and contains tools which are responsible for most of the brain's function.

The brain is one of the largest and most complex organs in the human body. It is made up of more than billion nerves that communicate in trillions of connections called synapses. The brain is. Left brain vs. right brain. The human brain is divided into two hemispheres, the left and right, connected by a bundle of nerve fibers called the corpus callosum.

The hemispheres are strongly, though not entirely, symmetrical. The left brain controls all the muscles on the right-hand side of the body; and the right brain controls the left side.

They have argued that memory is located in specific parts of the brain, and specific neurons can be recognized for their involvement in forming memories. The main parts of the brain involved with memory are the amygdala, the hippocampus, the cerebellum, and the prefrontal cortex ([link]).

The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system. The brain consists of the cerebrum, the brainstem and the cerebellum. The brain has three main parts: the cerebrum, cerebellum and brainstem.

Cerebrum: is the largest part of the brain and is composed of right and left hemispheres. It performs higher functions like interpreting touch, vision and hearing, as well as speech, reasoning.

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The human brain its parts and how they are connected to memory
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