An introduction to the history of the british east india company

The furious Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb ordered Sidi Yaqub and Nawab Daud Khan to attack and close four of the company's factories in India and imprison their officers, who were almost lynched by a mob of angry Mughalsblaming them for their countryman's depredations, and threatened to put an end to all English trading in India.

The British recaptured Calcutta later that same year. These institutions contributed towards enriching young minds bringing to them a taste of world literature, philosophy and science. Granted a Royal Charter by Queen Elizabeth init became one of the most powerful mercantile organizations in the world by maintaining a monopoly on the importation of exotic goods notably cotton, tea, and silk from India into Britain.

Although the Mughals were able to acquire a victory in that face-off intheir victory was short-lived. When the news arrived in England it caused an outcry.

By the s rivalry between the British and the French was becoming acute. It was founded initially on 31st Decemberwhen a group of London coffee merchants were granted a Royal Charter by Queen Elizabeth I.

A Supreme Court was established in India. The company was responsible for making the fortune of Elihu Yale. After being weakened for decades, it ceased to exist as a legal entity in As it increased in size the army was divided into the Presidency Armies of BengalMadras and Bombay each recruiting their own infantrycavalryand artillery units.

A joint stock company, shares owned primarily by British merchants and aristocrats, the East India Company had no direct link to the British government. Ganj-i-Sawai carried enormous wealth and, according to contemporary East India Company sources, was carrying a relative of the Grand Mughal, though there is no evidence to suggest that it was his daughter and her retinue.

Mysore finally fell to the company forces inin the fourth Anglo-Mysore war during which Tipu Sultan was killed. Establishment of several colleges in the principal presidencies of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras was undertaken by the Company governance.

It lost that role after the Indian Mutiny The company was the forerunner of the present education system in India. The two companies wrestled with each other for some time, both in England and in India, for a dominant share of the trade.

East India Company

It was not the British government that seized India at the end of the 18th century, but a dangerously unregulated private company headquartered in one small office, five windows wide, in London, and managed in India by an unstable sociopath — [Robert] Clive.

It later added such items as cotton, silk, indigo, saltpeter, tea, and opium to its wares and also participated in the slave trade.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The arrangements made in Bengal provided the company direct administrative control over a region, and subsequently led to years of Colonial supremacy and control.

The British East India Company : History

By the s, the Mughal Empire was in a state of decadence. It also provided that nomination of Governor General, though made by a court of directors, would be subject to the approval of the Crown in conjunction with a council of four leaders appointed by the Crownin future.

InSir Thomas Roe reached the court of the Mughal Emperor, Nuruddin Salim Jahangir — as the emissary of King James I, to arrange for a commercial treaty and gained for the British the right to establish a factory at Surat.

EAST INDIA COMPANY, ENGLISH

During the Romantic period, two "Charter Acts" regarding the Company were passed. Presidency armies and Company rule in India In its first century and half, the EIC used a few hundred soldiers as guards. The Mughals, threatened by the British fortifying Calcutta, attacked them. It also provided that nomination of Governor General, though made by a court of directors, would be subject to the approval of the Crown in conjunction with a council of four leaders appointed by the Crownin future.

The justices were appointed by the Crown to be sent out to India. The great expansion came afterwhen it had 3, regular troops. The great expansion came afterwhen it had 3, regular troops. It was given a Royal Charter to trade in the East Indies; however it made little impression on the Dutch control of the spice trades in the East Indies what is today known as Indonesia.

A Supreme Court was established in India. The company developed a lobby in the English parliament. The Seven Years' War —63 resulted in the defeat of the French forces, limited French imperial ambitions, and stunted the influence of the Industrial Revolution in French territories.

Expansion and conquest[ edit ] The company, fresh from a colossal victory, and with the backing of its own private well-disciplined and experienced army, was able to assert its interests in the Carnatic region from its base at Madras and in Bengal from Calcutta, without facing any further obstacles from other colonial powers.

As a direct repercussion of the military actions of Robert Clive, the Regulating Act of was enacted which prohibited people in the civil or military establishments from receiving any gift, reward, or financial assistance from Indians.

So urgent was the need to supply the armed forces in the United Kingdom, America and elsewhere that the authorities sometimes turned a blind eye on the untaxed sales.

Although it started as a monopolistic trading body, it became involved in politics and acted as an agent of British imperialism in India from the early 18th century to the midth century.

The British East India Company : History

It was given a Royal Charter to trade in the East Indies; however it made little impression on the Dutch control of the spice trades in the East Indies what is today known as Indonesia. Even with the patronage of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir, the company had many enemies in India.The name 'The British East India Company' nee ds no introduction to the world of business, commerce and industry.

It was the most successful business ever and has a more colourful and adventurous history than any company in history. A Brief History of the British East India Company Between early s and the midth century, the British East India Company lead the establishment and expansion of international trade to Asia and subsequently leading to economic and political domination of the entire Indian subcontinent.

The India Office Records at the British Library are the repository of the archives of the East India Company (), the Board of Control or Board of Commissioners for the Affairs of India (), the India Office (), the Burma Office (), and a number of related British agencies overseas. The East India Company didn’t actually own many of the ships in its fleet.

The picture above is of Mr Perry’s Yard, which also built ships for the British navy. So how did the East India Company make its fortune in Chinese tea? In short, through illegal drugs! Read the history behind this most English tradition; china tea cups.

"british east india company history" The Dutch East India Company and British East India Company: The History and Legacy of the World’s Most Famous Colonial Trade Companies Dec 1, by Charles River Editors. Kindle Edition. $ Read. The name 'The British East India Company' nee ds no introduction to the world of business, commerce and industry.

It was the most successful business ever and has a more colourful and adventurous history than any company in history.

The British Library and the India Office Records Download
An introduction to the history of the british east india company
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